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Oct 10, 2022

What is Full Stack Development ? A Complete Guide for Beginners

What is Full Stack Development?

Full stack development is creating a web application from the ground up, including the client and server sides.

Developers who work "full stack" on the web can create full-featured web apps and webpages. Full-stack developers are responsible for developing and maintaining websites and online applications from the ground up.

We will understand the full stack development in three parts Frontend, Backend, and Database.

Fronted basically means the front view of the website or an App, the side that users interact with.

Backend is the hidden side that is used by the website owners to make changes to the website.

Database is a collection of interconnected data that makes it easy to find, add, or remove user data from the stored location.

Let's under them more closely:

 

FRONT END:

User experience comes from the parts of a website or web app that people can see. The front end is the part of a website or web application that the user interacts with directly.

Languages used in the front end:

Some of the following programming languages are used to build the front end:

Hyper Text Markup Language, or HTML, is what HTML stands for. A markup language is used to design the front end of web pages. HTML comes from the words "Hypertext" and "Markup language." Hypertext shows how the web pages are linked to each other. The markup language is used to define the text documentation inside tags, which define the structure of web pages.

 

CSS: Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS, is a simple language that makes it easier to make web pages look good. You can add styles to web pages with CSS. Even better, CSS lets you do this without having to change the HTML that makes up each web page.

 

JavaScript: is a well-known scripting language that is used to make websites magical and interactive for users. It can be used to make a website work better and run cool games and web-based software.

 

Front-End Frameworks and Libraries:

 

AngularJS: AngularJS is an open-source JavaScript front-end framework that is mostly used to make single-page web apps (SPAs). It is a framework that keeps getting bigger and better, giving developers better ways to make web apps. It changes the HTML from static to dynamic. It's an open-source project, which means that anyone can use it and change it. It adds Directives to HTML attributes, and HTML is bound to the data.

 

React.js: React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces. It is declarative, fast, and flexible. ReactJS is an open-source, component-based front-end library that only handles the application's view layer. Facebook takes care of it.

 

Bootstrap is a set of free, open-source tools for making websites and web apps that are mobile-friendly. It is the most popular framework for building responsive, mobile-first websites with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

 

jQuery is an open-source JavaScript library that makes it easier for an HTML/CSS document, or more specifically, the Document Object Model (DOM), and JavaScript to talk to each other. In more detail, jQuery makes it easier to move through and change HTML documents, handle browser events, use DOM animations, interact with Ajax, and write JavaScript code that works across browsers.

 

SASS is the most reliable, mature, and strong language for adding to CSS. It is used to make a site's existing CSS work better by adding features like variables, inheritance, and nesting.

 

Semantic-UI, Foundation, Materialize, Backbone.js, Express.js, Ember.js, and so on are some other libraries and frameworks.

 

Back end 

It is the development of a website or web app on the server side, with the main focus on how the website works. It is in charge of running queries and APIs on the client side to manage the database. This kind of website has three main parts: the front end, the back end, and the database.

Some libraries, frameworks, and programming languages are used to build the back end, which we'll talk about below:

 

JavaScript: It is a programming language that can be used on both the front end and the back end.

PHP: is a server-side scripting language that was made for building websites. Since PHP code is run on the server, it is known as a server-side scripting language.

C++: It is a programming language that can be used for a lot of different things and is used a lot in competitive programming these days. It is also used on the back end.

Java: Java is a popular and widely used platform and programming language. It is easy to expand. It's easy to get Java components.

Python is a programming language that lets you work faster and better connect systems.

Node.js is a cross-platform, open-source runtime environment for running JavaScript code outside of a browser. You should keep in mind that NodeJS is neither a framework nor a programming language. Most people don't know what it is, but they think it's either a framework or a programming language. Node.js is often used to build back-end services, such as APIs for Web Apps or Mobile Apps. Large companies like Paypal, Uber, Netflix, Walmart, and others use it in their production.

 

Back End Frameworks:

 

Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring, etc. are all examples of back-end frameworks.

The other languages used to write programs or scripts for the back end are C#, Ruby, REST, GO, etc.

Note: JavaScript is essential for all stacks as it is the dominant technology on the Web.

 

Database

A database is a collection of interconnected data that makes it easy to find, add, or remove data from the database and organizes it into tables, views, schemas, reports, and so on.

Oracle: The Oracle database is a group of data that is treated as a single unit. The goal of this database is to store and get information related to the query. It is a server for storing and managing information.

MongoDB: MongoDB is the most popular NoSQL database. It is an open-source database that focuses on documents. The word "non-relational" is "NoSQL."Stands for. It means that MongoDB doesn't use the table-like structure of a relational database but instead uses a whole different way to store and retrieve data.

Structured Query Language, or SQL, is a standard language for databases that are used to create, manage, and get information from relational databases.

I hope this short article helped you clear some of your doubts about Full stack Development, Thanks for reading.

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